In the United States, a lot of money and time is spent by private individuals and businesses to carry out investigations for either a legal or financial purpose. Investigations are carried out by any entity, whether it be an individual, a company or the government to gather information that can help it in one way or the other. The major uses of investigations by other entities include such things as protecting your children from pedophiles or identifying the source of mysterious callers.
The word investigation comes from two words, “informant” and “investigator.” The informant is the person who carries out the investigation and collects the data that is ultimately used in the criminal investigations. The investigator is the one who actually investigates and gains access to the information that has been collected. There are various types of investigations by other bodies; these include corporate, tax, financial, intellectual property, child abuse and human resources. Corporate Investigations are carried out by Corporate Fraud investigators and Corporate Investigation agents and is mostly done to prevent the corporate losses due to fraud and other criminal activities.
Corporate investigators specialise in finding out information which can lead to criminal investigations and can aid a prosecutor in bringing a case against the concerned person. Financial investigations are usually carried out by corporate fraud investigators who are responsible for uncovering financial crimes committed by a company or an organisation. Child abuse investigations are usually carried out by private investigators who investigate if a business is involved in any child abuse cases. Human resource investigations are generally carried out by HR executives of companies who look into any case of sexual harassment at the workplace.