Education is the broadest sense of ‘learn’ applied to the entire range of human endeavor from art and music to business and medicine. Education is the institutionalized management of the dissemination of learning to people, either for the personal education of the individual or for professional advancement. Education includes both classroom instruction and extracurricular practice in learning that is relevant to the student’s needs. The term ‘education’ was used by the American Psychological Association until the early 1960’s, when it was brought up to date as “the process by which people acquire knowledge and skills that are needed in everyday life”. Today, education has become an important issue in society, with increasing focus on tests and exams in public schools and universities.
Education is a process by which people acquire knowledge, skills, practices, values, beliefs, and attitudes. Educational systems include training, teaching, verbal communication, problem solving, informal learning process and directed research. There has been a growing trend of informal education over the past two decades, since the movement started in the United States. Informal learning usually refers to experiences and projects carried out between adults at different levels who share various experiences and also communicate with each other by orally and through various informal practices such as discussion boards, one-to-one counseling and telephonic or text-based discussions.
Education can be either formal or non-formal. Non-formal education is carried out through teaching and learning by teachers and other qualified professionals. Formal education on the other hand, is conducted by certified educators in classrooms and other educational settings. A curriculum is developed based on standards that are specified by a governing body that generally consists of teachers and other education professionals.